Geography

In Geography we aim to provide a high quality education to inspire pupils to learn about the world in which they live.  Pupils gain knowledge about diverse places, people, resources and natural and human environments, together with a deep understanding of the Earth’s key physical and human processes.  We aim to develop pupils understanding of the growing interaction between physical and human processes, and the formation and use of landscapes and environments.  We use Geographical knowledge, understanding and skills to explain how the Earth’s features at different scales are shaped, interconnected and change over time.

The Aims of the New National Curriculum for Geography are to ensure that all pupils:-

Develop contextual knowledge of the globally significant places – both terrestrial and marine – including their defining physical and human characteristics and how these provide a geographical context for understanding and actions of processes.

Understand the processes that give rise to key physical and human geographical features of the world, how these are interdependent and how they bring about spacial variation and change over time.

Are confident in the Geographical skills needed to:

Collect, analyse and communicate with a range of data gathered through experiences of fieldwork. 

Interpret a range of sources of geographical information. Including maps, diagrams, globes, aerial photographs and GIS. 

Communicate Geographical information in a variety of ways, including through maps, numerical and quantitative skills and writing at length.

 

Key Stage 2 

In Years 5 and 6 pupils are taught Geography as part of their Humanities lessons.  They are taught humanities for two hours a week. They study three topics a year.  At the end of each topic, pupils will have a formal test to test their understanding. Pupils are given 30 minutes of homework week.   In the spring term, pupils in year 6 will focus on their SATS revision for their homework and will be given additional Maths tasks that will link in with their Geography topic.

Year Group

Topic 1

Topic 2

Topic 3

Year 5

Our place in the world.

Knowledge of maps/countries and our beautiful planet.

Rivers

Looking at River systems of the world.

Local study

Should the high street in Gamlingay be a pedestrian zone only?  A study of traffic.

Year 6

Italy

Human and Physical Geography of Italy.

Europe

How has the Geography of Europe changed since 1914?

Mountains

Comparing and surviving in different mountain landscapes.

 

At Key stage 2 Pupils extend their knowledge beyond the local area to include The UK and Europe and North and South America. They are also taught:-

Locational Knowledge  

Locate the world’s countries, using maps to focus on Europe (including Russia) and North and South America, concentrating on environmental regions, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities. 

Name and locate counties and cities of the UK, geographical regions and their identifying human and physical characteristics, key topographical features and land use patterns and how these have changed over time. 

Identify the position and significance of latitude, longitude, equator, Northern Hemisphere, southern Hemisphere, the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn, Arctic and Antarctic Circle, the prime/Greenwich Meridian and time Zones (including day and night)

Place Knowledge 

Understand Geographical similarities and differences through the study of Human and physical geography of a region of the United Kingdom, a region in a European Country and a region within North or South America. 

Human and Physical Geography: describe and understand the key aspects of:-

Physical geography, including: climate zones, biomes and vegetarian belts, rivers, mountains, volcanoes and earthquakes, and the water cycle. 

Human geography: types of settlement and land use, economic activity including trade links and the distribution of natural resources including energy, food, minerals and water. 

Geographical skills and fieldwork. 

Use maps, atlases, globes and digital/computer mapping to locate countries and describe features studied. 

Use eight points of a compass, 4 – 6 figure grid references, symbols and keys to build their knowledge of the United Kingdom and the wider world. 

Use fieldwork to observe, measure, record and present the human and physical features in the local area using a range of methods, including sketch maps, plans and graphs, and digital technologies.

 

Key Stage 3 

In Year 7 and 8 pupils have 2 lessons of Geography per week.  Pupils are taught 6 modules a year.  At the end of each module pupils will be given a formal test to test their skills, knowledge and understanding.    They are given 1 homework a week.  Some pupils may also be invited to complete an extended Project analysing an aspect of the topic or theme in further detail.

Year Group

Topic 1

Topic 2

Topic 3

Topic 4

Topic 5

Topic 6

Year 7

Disasters: Plate Tectonics

Disasters: Japan

Weather and Climate: Climate Change

Weather and Climate: Climate Change

Asia: Flooding in Bangladesh

Asia: Rise of China

 

 

 

Extended Project: Weather monitoring.

 

 

Year 8

Africa: Immigration

Africa: Physical and Human

Economics: Fair Trade

Economics: Have the UN MDG’s made an impact?

Coastlines:

Rock formation

Coastlines:   Coastlines of Britain.

 

Extended Project: Scrap book.

 

 

Trip: Visit to Norfolk Coast.

 

By the end of Keys stage 3 all pupils should be able to:-

Locational Knowledge

to extend their locational knowledge and deepen their spatial awareness of the world’s countries using maps of the world to focus on Africa, Russia, Asia(including China and India), and the Middle East, focusing on their environmental regions, including polar and hot deserts, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities. 

Place Knowledge 

Understand Geographical similarities, differences and links between places through the study of human and physical geography of a region within Africa and a region within Asia. 

Human and Physical Geography: describe and understand the key processes in:- 

Physical geography relating to: geological timescales and plate tectonics: rocks, weathering and soils; weather and climate, including the change from the Ice Age to the present: and glaciation, hydrology and coasts. 

Human geography relating to: population; international development; economic activity in the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary sectors: and the use of natural resources.

Understand how human and physical processes interact to influence and change landscapes, environments and the climate: and how human activity relies on effective functioning of natural systems. 

Geographical skills and fieldwork. 

Build on their knowledge of globes, maps and atlases and apply and develop knowledge routinely in the classroom and in the field. 

Interpret OS maps in the classroom and in the field, including using grid references and scale, topographical and other thematic mapping and aerial and satellite photographs. 

Use GIS to view, analyse and interpret places and data. 

Use fieldwork in contrasting locations to collect, analyse and draw conclusions from geographical data, using multiple sources of increasingly complex information.